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UN Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan

STATEMENT BY H.E. Adela Raz
Ambassador, Permanent Consultant of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations
At the UN Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan

19 June 2019

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NEW YORK

Mr. President,
Let me first begin by congratulating you, as a representative of the brotherly nation of the State of Kuwait, on assuming the Presidency of the Council for the month of June.

We’re happy to have Ambassador Yamamoto right here in the present day, and would
wish to thank him for his devoted efforts in Afghanistan, as the Special
Representative of the Secretary Basic.

I’m glad we’ve got Dr. Sima Samar with us as a briefer, who’s
doing an necessary work as the head of Afghanistan’s Unbiased Human Rights
Fee.

At the moment’s assembly on the Situation
in Afghanistan comes at an important moment, as we’re engaged in the delicate
process of rigorously steering two necessary national processes, the Election and
the Peace Talks. We want to end the decades-long battle by advantage of a
comprehensive settlement, accepted by all Afghans; and a presidential election,
to consolidate and ensure the continuity of democracy, governance and the rule
of regulation in our society.

At this crucial juncture, we are confident that each of these aims
could be attained, with enough international help, and with endurance and
dedication.

Mr. President,
First, on peace efforts, the Authorities of Nationwide Unity has lengthy believed that the prospects for peace can only be achieved via a process that enjoys the help and consensus of all Afghans.

The momentum for peace has grown stronger, because of
increased engagement and activities in Afghanistan and abroad.  Last month, a Consultative Peace Loya Jirga
introduced together 3200 elected members from throughout the nation, from political parties,
tribal & spiritual figures, ladies, youth and civil society, to construct
consensus and create a mandate for peace talks with Taliban. Ladies and youth
played a outstanding position in the Jirga, as ladies led 13 working committees, out
of 50, they usually made 30 % of all individuals.

The result was the adoption of a declaration that created a parameter
and roadmap for talks with the Taliban. The declaration referred to as for a direct
and permanent ceasefire; upholding the values & essence of the Islamic Republic
of Afghanistan; the preservation of democratic positive aspects and the constitutional
rights of individuals, particularly ladies; the start of direct peace talks between the
authorities of Afghanistan and Taliban; the preservation & strengthening of
Afghanistan nationwide security forces; the continuation of help from the
international group; and having a feasible timetable for a responsible
withdrawal of international security forces.

Defending the essence of our constitution, particularly equal
rights for women and men and human rights, is the core component of right now’s
Afghanistan, and in addition a robust want of the Afghan public. Subsequently, we should always
be sure that the end result of any potential agreement will solely retain, increase and
strengthen ladies’s proper for the function of a sustainable and sturdy peace.

For our half, we continue to stand ready to interact in
comprehensive talks that mirror the views and general position of the individuals
of Afghanistan. We thank all of our international companions, from inside the
region and past, in supporting our efforts for a durable, dignified and
lasting peace.

On this regard, we highlight the efforts of the United States
and other partners in help of peace, including the current determination of the
Government of Germany to take a more proactive position in peace efforts, and
helping to facilitate direct talks, which we eagerly anticipate to happen
very quickly.

One of the best measure of progress in advancing peace negotiations is
not solely to the extent to which the Taliban reduces their violence, but relatively they
finish it solely via a permanent ceasefire, and their choice to interact in
direct talks with the government; the intra-Afghan dialogue is an effective begin leading
to direct discussions.

We also must not overlook the essential position the region can play
in facilitating direct peace negotiations for a profitable settlement. Constructing
a regional consensus for peace has been very important for Afghanistan; and to do such
the authorities has taken numerous steps in reaching out to the area to construct a
higher engagement & set up the needed consensus.

Mr. President,
The dedication of the Afghan authorities for peace, is obvious and genuine.  That is demonstrated by the Authorities’s choice to launch close to 900 Taliban prisoners, following the Eid spiritual holiday as part of the demands from the Peace Jirga members, and as a confidence constructing measure.

Sadly, actions taken – thus far – by the Taliban fail to
signify even the slightest degree of commitment to peace.  The Taliban, not too way back, introduced
their Spring offensive marketing campaign and began to assault civilians, whereas their
representatives have been engaged in peace negotiations. This is additional evident by new
assaults throughout the Holy Month of Ramadan, towards atypical Afghans, civilians, and
spiritual figures who have been denouncing violence and amplifying the message of
peace in totally different elements of the nation.

Taliban has additionally attacked and killed many humanitarian help &
medical staff. They’ve restricted the motion and actions of many help
organizations, together with the WHO and ICRC, and have vowed to continue their assaults
on help businesses.

Throughout the three-day Eid vacation, at the least 30 individuals have been killed
in approximately 23 Taliban assaults in Logar, Helmand, Baghlan and Kapisa
provinces. These attacks sadly reconfirm the group’s want to
manipulate a genuine supply for a peaceful settlement to the conflict.

We consider solely a twin
monitor strategy of strain and
incentives can guarantee a conducive surroundings for a profitable consequence. These
assaults characterize a violation of international humanitarian regulation, and any diploma
of passivity from all of us, can lead to misunderstandings of weak spot and area
for the group to dictate the terms of negotiations.

Mr. President,

Regardless of the continued attacks, our safety forces have repulsed
the Taliban’s Spring Offensive and prevented the group from capturing
territory. Based on the latest joint Authorities Committee report, 85-90% of
productive territory including pure assets, highways, and other
infrastructures are underneath Government management.

To further deter these extremist parts, our safety forces have been
capable of clear Taliban presence in Deh-Yak and Khwaja Omari districts of Ghazni
province, over the past several weeks alone.

This has been achieved not solely because of the professionalism and
bravery of our forces, but in addition in part because of the ongoing efforts in bringing
reforms in the security sector to make it more streamlined and effective.

In the meantime, dealing with defeat in the battlefield, the Taliban have
sought to compensate setbacks with a renewed focus on attacking soft-targets, using
civilian compounds as shelters, resulting in an increase in civilian casualties,
and waging of a psychological warfare via terror and destruction.

We’re documenting changing battle techniques by Taliban, in
incorporate a extra heinous technique by planting IEDs and explosives in civilian
areas, together with concentrating on faculties. A current instance is the ongoing struggle in
the Baharak district in Takhar province, the place Taliban have used civilian
homes as shields and not letting individuals to go away their houses.

Civilian protection stays a high priority at the highest
levels of our Authorities. We’ve taken institutional measures to avoid
collateral injury, which also consists of close coordination with international
forces during safety operations, and accountability for incidents ensuing
from actions that deviate from normal rules of engagement.

We continue to take concrete steps to ensure the physical
protection and well-being of youngsters, including avoiding of any recruitment of
youngster soldiers in our safety forces, via our revised penal code, which
criminalizes these practices.

Mr. President,

The emergence of a democratic political order, by way of a
democratic course of, chosen by the individuals of Afghanistan is among our most
vital achievements over the past eighteen years. When utilizing the time period “we,”
I don’t only seek advice from the individuals of Afghanistan, but moderately in the context of
a collective effort and sacrifice of all us in this council.

Less than two months ago, our new parliament was inaugurated by
President Ghani, in the presence of latest MP’s and representatives of the
worldwide group.

Wanting forward, our individuals’s strategy to the future is the expectation
that nothing outdoors of the democratic order can determine the political
destiny.

Subsequently, despite all challenges, we’ll ensure that to carry presidential
elections in September of this yr.  We’re
absolutely aware that this process won’t be a simple one – at the similar time, we’re
assured in with the ability to fulfill it efficiently, with help from the worldwide
group & our associates and allies.

We now have begun safety and technical arrangements for the
elections, and are in discussions with our international companions on numerous
points of the course of.

We welcome the appointment of the UN advisers who will serve as
worldwide commissioners in the unbiased electoral commission, in order
to offer technical help.

We’ll spare no effort in any way to make sure a credible,
transparent and inclusive electoral course of to satisfy the demands of our individuals
and our political stability.

Mr. President,

Amongst the positive aspects of final 18 years one can also be the emergence of a dynamic
and committed young era. This era is increasingly taking charge
of nation’s future. The resilient position of Afghan ladies as brokers of change,
progress, and transformation has been a elementary part of this new dynamic.

Ladies’s contributions and leadership have reached new heights,
as public servants across the authorities, and in the personal sector. For the
first time, the head of the Unbiased Electoral Fee and the Complaints
Commission are two ladies.

To consolidate these positive aspects, promote and shield the rights of
ladies, and incorporate ladies’s voices in the peace & security agenda, we
look ahead to working with a broad set of partners by way of the Group of
Associates of Ladies in Afghanistan, right here in New York. We quickly shall be launching
this Group along with the Mission of the United Kingdom. I sincerely would really like
to thank Ambassador Pierce for her commitment to this cause, and we glance
forward to your help for the actions of the Group.

Mr. President,

The brand new Afghanistan can also be starting to emerge as a catalyst for
financial and regional cooperation. That is greatest manifested by the
implementation of several mega regional tasks, beneath our Afghan-led RECCA
Platform, which may have economic dividends beyond our quick area, and
the Heart of Asia Istanbul Course of. Via increased trade, investments, infrastructure
and improvement, we’re shifting in the direction of the course of sustainable progress.

To concluded, I am going to cite the assertion from certainly one of the
individuals at the Peace Jirga, who stated that “nobody wins in conflict as no one loses
in Peace.” Subsequently, securing a tangible and durable peace, acceptable to the
individuals of Afghanistan is an imperative to be sure that our country will move
ahead, not backward.

Together, with our pals and allies we stand at an necessary
crossroad the place a collective and unified strategy will allow us to realize our
strategic goals of a peaceful, secure and affluent Afghanistan.

Thanks!