STATEMENT BY H.E.
Dr. Hamdullah Mohib
Security Advisor of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Security Council Debate on the Situation in Afghanistan
March 11, 2019
At the outset let me supply my deep
condolences on behalf of the individuals and Authorities of Afghanistan for the
current tragic air crash of Ethiopian Airlines which resulted in the loss of
many lives, including of UN personnel.
Thanks for convening at this time’s
assembly on the situation in Afghanistan. It is an honor for me to symbolize my
country at this time, in my first tackle to the UN Security Council. I would really like to
congratulate France for assuming presidency of the Council, and thank Secretary
Common Antonio Guterres for his report. We additionally recognize SRSG Ambassador
Tadamichi Yamamoto for his leadership of the UN’s work in Afghanistan. I also
acknowledge Ms. Storai Tapesh, Deputy Director of Aghan Ladies’s Community, who
joined us from Kabul by way of video as we speak.
As we strategy the extension of
UNAMA’s mandate this week, I would really like to acknowledge the UN’s strategic
engagement and help for Afghanistan’s stability. The UN has a supportive
position to play in working with the Afghan government and other people to convey peace.
I will share with you an update on the place we’re, and the street ahead in the direction of
peace. To know our strategy to peace, you have got to first understand the
many new realities in Afghanistan at this time.
To begin with, Afghanistan has
undergone an era of social transformation — 75% of our inhabitants are beneath the
age of 35, have grown up in a democracy, and have a unique set of
expectations and rules than their mother and father and grandparents’ generations.
Our era was born in warfare, and grew up in conflict or exile. We yearn for
peace, and need for peace to complement what we have now built over the previous 18
years – not reverse it. We must safeguard our future.
Tens of millions of Afghans have benefited
from the best of nationwide and worldwide schooling alternatives, and
members of this era at the moment are in positions of management and senior
We now have additionally skilled the
transformation of our feminine residents from victims of institutionalized
discrimination beneath the Taliban regime, to lively, empowered, engaged
contributors to all spheres of society and politics. Ladies additionally collectively
play an important position in our economic progress and nationwide security. I would really like to
congratulate my colleague Ambassador Adela Raz for presenting her credentials
last week to Secretary Basic Guterres and turning into the first Afghan ladies to
hold this publish. Ambassador Raz, as a toddler, studied in a secret faculty during
the Taliban regime—she symbolizes the transformation ladies and women have
fought to achieve over the previous 18 years.
Towards the backdrop of these two
social transformations, President Ghani launched the Decade of Transformation
when he took workplace in 2014—a complete, whole-of-government reform agenda
to implement rule of regulation, deal with corruption systemically, implement more
environment friendly and effective nationwide improvement packages, and improve economic
progress and income assortment. We’re shifting the country toward self-reliance.
It is a reform package deal designed to meet the calls for of the new era of
Afghans: for truthful, clean, merit-based governance that’s targeted on the needs
of the citizen, not the pockets of the political elite.
5 years into the Decade of
Transformation, we’ve got completed an incredible quantity, despite competing
priorities of warfare, elections, and drought, and in addition despite appreciable
resistance from those who are benefiting from corrupt techniques.
To call just some highlights— final yr, the World
Bank’s Doing Enterprise Indicators report recognized Afghanistan as the prime
reforming country for enhancing the business local weather. Our Access to Info
regulation was recognized as the greatest in the world. The authorities
elevated home income by 91% between 2014 and 2018, and met each IMF
benchmark throughout the similar interval.
We’ve got set a brand new tone of intolerance towards
corruption. Since inaugurating our Nationwide Technique to Counter Corruption in
2017, we have now already accomplished nicely over half of the objectives and at the moment are working
toward a brand new set of benchmarks that may expose and handle the next layer of
problems in this long-process of rooting out corruption.
We’ve invested tremendously in
efforts to connect our region by means of commerce and by addressing regional power
wants. Our farmers, producers, entrepreneurs and businessmen and ladies at the moment are
in a position to look outward to export their products—by way of the Lapis Lazuli hall to
Europe, by way of the Chabahar port in Iran to India, or by way of air corridors to Turkey,
Saudia Arabia, China, and beyond. We
exported almost $1 billion value of products last yr. We’re shifting from an
assist to a trade financial system.
The result of the past 5 years
is that we’ve laid a legal foundation for a contemporary financial system, society and
state, and we have now also modified the tone of governance in Afghanistan.
We now have achieved this due to the
creativity, perseverance and bravery of the Afghan individuals and the Afghan
Nationwide Protection and Security Forces. We are grateful to the worldwide
group for the help and assistance they have offered. Persevering with help
of the Decade of Transformation will permit us to see the fruits of our
sacrifices in each blood and treasure. But as Afghans, we now have the main
duty—we own the issues and we are implementing solutions.
The last five years have delivered
us at the doorstep of peace. The country, and indeed the world, are abuzz with
both the pleasure of its risk, and the considerations and uncertainties that
Two years ago, peace was not part
of the vocabulary when one spoke of Afghanistan. The National Unity Government
made it a precedence and took risks for peace, and as we speak it’s something we are
Let me give some perception on the place
we stand on peace right now, and where we are leading. After President Ghani’s
unconditional peace talks supply in February 2018, followed by the ceasefire in
June 2018 and the announcement of an Afghan negotiating group and peace roadmap
in November 2018, we have now been working to construct consensus throughout the nation
over the previous few months. In December last yr, the authorities hosted a Jirga
with 2,500 youth from 34 provinces. In February, the country’s first ladies’s
gathering was held in the Loya Jirga tent, where three,500 ladies gathered
themselves from all provinces to reach a consensus on what they anticipate from the
peace process. They raised the voices of 15,000 ladies who had been consulted
over a 6-month interval.
This spring, the authorities will
convene a consultative Loya Jirga, which can further bond the collective voice
of the Afghan individuals. This might be followed by the 3rd Kabul Process Conference,
where we shall be wanting virtually at implementing a post-peace plan.
Peace is imperative and needed
urgently, however not at any value. The Structure have to be revered, in addition to
the democratic state and elected authorities it constitutes. The process have to be
inclusive and representative of the new Afghanistan, not a deal made between
elites. If peace is going to belong to and be maintained by Afghans, it must
finally be owned by Afghans themselves.
The Afghan government and the
Afghan individuals have made commitments to peace. Now it’s up to the Taliban to
show their dedication. They have thus far failed to seize opportunities for
peace. Yet we stand prepared to interact in direct talks. If the Taliban genuinely
want peace, they should reveal it by means of constructive deeds, not by continued
assaults towards harmless individuals and our safety forces.
Peace also goes hand in hand with
elections. We thank the United Nations for its steadfast help of the
democratic process in Afghanistan, and rely on its continued technical help
for the upcoming polls.
The Afghan individuals have, again and again, gone to
the polls to reinforce and strengthen their belief in democracy. In October
last yr, 2,565 candidates, most of them of a younger era, contested
249 seats in the parliament. More than 4 million Afghans got here out to vote, over
35% of them ladies.
It’s the authorities’s
duty to match our individuals’s belief in their democracy with reforms that
uphold, strengthen and shield our democratic techniques. After mismanagement,
poor administration and organization have been uncovered during our parliamentary
elections, we now have been working to add additional credibility and transparency to
the course of. After the Cupboard permitted amendments to the electoral regulation, an
unprecedented initiative passed off two weeks in the past—current presidential
candidates got here collectively to elect new commissioners of both the Unbiased
Election Commission and the Unbiased Election Complaints Fee. I’ll
add that, in another first for our country, both newly elected fee heads
are ladies, elected by their predominately male colleagues.
The Afghan individuals and our
worldwide companions have made monumental sacrifices to build our democracy and
the Afghan individuals are relying on elections. I would really like to emphasize that we
welcome international screens in every part of the elections this yr.
As we pursue peace, we also
simultaneously keep army operations and are implementing reforms to
strengthen our National Protection and Safety Forces.
The ANDSF defied predictions of collapse
and failure once they took over in 2014, defending not solely Afghanistan’s
sovereignty but in addition safeguarding the world from the menace of worldwide terror.
After the implementation of latest insurance policies and methods, we have now seen improved
operational output on the battlefield and a considerable improve in offensive
operations. Our security forces have not only held floor, but solidified
management of territories, and weakened pockets of enemy contingents, together with
Daesh parts in the japanese and northern elements of the country.
While preventing a struggle on several
battlefields and with a shortage of needed gear and capabilities, the
government carried out an entire overhaul of the safety sector, which
allowed for much-needed generational change in management. I used to be honored
to witness the promotion of a type of new, young leaders on Armed Forces Day
at the Ministry of Defense — Ms. Mursal Afshar was promoted from First Lt. to Captain rank.
I used to be impressed together with her professionalism, dedication, and patriotism, and I
really feel emboldened to know that we now have younger soldiers like Captain Afshar
preventing this conflict, for Afghanistan and for the world.
We should keep in mind that peace with
the Taliban in Afghanistan won’t imply an finish to the menace of worldwide
terrorism. Afghan forces will remain defiant in the face of terrorism, but this
duty does not belong solely to Afghans—it is a long-term international
menace, which requires a sustained international response.
Solely a zero tolerance strategy,
based mostly on real and sincere cooperation by all states, is vital to success. Strict enforcement of Security Council
sanctions measures contained in its resolutions 1988 and 1267 ought to not
be compromised. Any failure in this regard interprets to a failure of the
Safety Council’s response to combating terrorist and extremist groups
successfully, and in addition renders these groups able to persevering with their
Afghanistan will continue to pursue
a sequential, considerate peace process which leads to dialogue between the
Afghan authorities and other people, and the Taliban. We’ll continue to pursue
army and counter-terrorism goals, and we remain absolutely dedicated
to holding presidential elections this yr.
We ask our worldwide companions
to see Afghanistan as a platform for regional and international cooperation, not just
for mutual economic benefit but in addition for shared goals for peace and
In closing, I would really like to
reiterate Afghanistan’s gratitude for the position this Council has played in galvanizing
international partnership for Afghanistan, courting back to 2001, once we opened
a brand new chapter in our trendy historical past. Over the years, this Council has been
consistent in its help, helping us to progress in the direction of self-reliance and
peace. We’re clear-eyed about the challenges that remain, which still demand
the help of this Council and the international group. Afghanistan remains a trusted companion
dedicated to our worldwide obligations for selling international peace,
solidarity and stability.