News Press Clips

Press Clips Week 11-2019

Press Clips Week 10-2019


Months After Aborted Flight, U.S.-Russian Crew Makes Clean Journey To Area Station

NASA astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin lastly made it to the Worldwide Area Station immediately, five months after their first journey went awry.

The two spacefliers have been as a consequence of be a part of the station’s crew last October, but as they have been ascending from Russia’s Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, certainly one of their Soyuz rocket’s aspect boosters knocked into the primary core, causing a uncommon abort and activation of the Soyuz capsule’s escape system.

The capsule was thrown away from the rocket, and Hague and Ovchinin made a protected however slightly rocky ballistic touchdown. It took weeks to monitor down the cause of the anomaly — a bent sensor — and make sure that the anomaly wouldn’t reoccur.

Read extra at: Geekwire

NASA Making Its Moon Mission Business Might Sign A Paradigm Shift For Deep-Area Travel

NASA is now mulling over the thought of using business rockets to launch a important mission across the Moon subsequent yr as an alternative of utilizing the huge rocket that the agency has been constructing for the final decade. Such a drastic change would not only upend flight plans for this specific mission, however it might also have huge implications on how formidable area travel packages are carried out in the future.

The impetus for this new business focus is to take care of the agency’s launch schedule. NASA’s rocket, the Area Launch System, or SLS, is taking for much longer to make than anticipated and doubtless gained’t be able to fly by its current target launch date of June 2020, whereas different business automobiles already available on the market are ready to fly proper now.

Learn extra at: Verge

NASA Boss Says It Once more: We’re Committed To SLS

After taking steps to cancel its first huge mission, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine is telling his staff and the aerospace enterprise group that the area company “is committed to building and flying” the new rocket being developed in Alabama.

Bridenstine advised a congressional listening to Wednesday that NASA is learning the potential of shifting the first of SLS’s early missions to business rockets as a result of SLS gained’t be prepared when the agency deliberate to launch. That testimony before a Senate panel set off a social media sensation. SLS skeptics and followers of SpaceX and United Launch Alliance – the two business corporations probably to get the launches – leaped on social media websites to praise Bridenstine, as did SLS skeptics.

Read more at: Al

Dormant Viruses Activate During Spaceflight — NASA Investigates

Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Area Shuttle and Worldwide Area Station missions, in line with NASA analysis revealed in Frontiers in Microbiology. While only a small proportion develop symptoms, virus reactivation rates improve with spaceflight period and will current a big well being danger on missions to Mars and past.

NASA’s speedy viral detection methods and ongoing remedy analysis are starting to safeguard astronauts – and immunocompromised sufferers on Earth, too.

Read extra at: Eurekalert

Regardless of Political Drama, NASA, Boeing Press On With SLS Core Stage Structural Masses Checks At Marshall

NASA and Area Launch System (SLS) Core Stage prime contractor Boeing are in the midst of a busy period of testing structural check articles (STA) on the Marshall Area Flight Middle in Huntsville, Alabama.

One workforce is busy operating check instances on the intertank STA in a big, indoor check facility while another is getting ready the liquid hydrogen (LH2) tank STA for its check runs in one other giant, but outside stand down the street.

The continued testing exhibits a program that has not been impacted by the uncertainty created by comments made by NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine over current days, pointing to evaluations that dampen SLS’ viability for missions it had already been tasked with.

The newest potential change of plan was famous on Wednesday morning, per options to launch Exploration Mission -1 (EM-1)on two business Heavy Carry rockets.

Read extra at: NASA Spaceflight

Lockheed Martin Assembling EM-2 Buildings For NASA’s First Crewed Orion Flight

Whereas last assembly continues on the Orion spacecraft that may make this system’s first solo flight, the key items of the subsequent spacecraft are being assembled alongside for the first crewed mission. A crew of four is deliberate to take the spacecraft on a Lunar flyby in the course of the Exploration Mission-2 (EM-2) check flight.

The Crew Module and Crew Module Adapter are still principally buildings, but Orion prime contractor Lockheed Martin is working with NASA to assemble, combine, and check the EM-2 parts in parallel with the ultimate work being carried out with the Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) spacecraft that may fly uncrewed. Once the first and secondary structure installations are full, technicians will start welding fluid system strains and then ultimately putting in other elements, including the methods to help the crew during EM-2.

Learn more at: NASA Spaceflight

The First All-Female Spacewalk Is Set for This Month

Two U.S. astronauts will make the primary all-female spacewalk in historical past on March 29, if all goes to plan — a fitting finish to Ladies’s Historical past Month.

Anne McClain, who arrived on the International Area Station Dec. three, will float into area with U.S. crewmate Christina Koch to work on “upgrades on the outside” of the station, McClain stated in a televised dialog with U.S. Vice President Mike Pence on Wednesday (March 6).

McClain stated that she and Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques have been getting ready for the spacewalks for a number of weeks while awaiting the arrival of Koch, U.S. astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin. The Expedition 59 trio are set to launch on “Pi Day” (March 14) at, consider it or not, three:14 p.m. EDT (7:14 p.m. GMT).

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Arianegroup Says Ariane 6 Enters Crucial Improvement Part As French Auditor Warns Towards SpaceX

ArianeGroup says this yr might be decisive for the Ariane 6 rocket as the program is near having all its propulsion qualified, including a full upper stage check this December.

Regardless of this progress, France’s supreme audit institution Cour des comptes has launched a report during which it says that the Ariane 6 launcher is “at risk of not being sustainably competitive regarding its American competitor SpaceX.”

The French company CNES offers a serious share of Ariane 6 funding, giving France a vested interest within the launcher’s long-term success. France’s state auditor worries in its report that the car might symbolize “but a transitory response to the challenge” posed by SpaceX’s “rise in power.”

Learn more at: Spacenews

China Returns From Spring Break With Zhongxing-6C Launch

After the long pause because of the Spring Pageant, China resumed orbital launch operations with the launch of a new communications satellite by a Long March 3B. The Zhongxing-6C (or ChinaSat-6C) communication satellite tv for pc was launched at 16:28 UTC Saturday from the LC3 Launch Complicated of the Xichang Satellite tv for pc Launch Middle. The launch marked the 300th orbital launch of the Lengthy March family of launch automobiles.

Originally scheduled to launch in September 2017, the Zhongxing-6C (ZX-6C) was developed by the Chinese Academy of Area Know-how and is predicated on the DFH-4 satellite platform.

Learn extra at: NASA Spaceflight

NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Detects Migrating Water on Moon

Up until the final decade, planetary scientists thought the Moon was arid, with any water present mainly as pockets of ice in permanently shaded craters near the lunar poles.

Extra just lately, they’ve recognized surface water in sparse populations of molecules sure to the lunar soil (regolith). The amount and places range based mostly on the time of day. This water is more widespread at larger latitudes and tends to hop around because the floor heats up.

Water molecules stay tightly sure to the regolith till surface temperatures peak close to lunar noon. Then, they thermally desorb and may bounce to a close-by location that’s chilly enough for the molecule to stick or populate the Moon’s exosphere, until temperatures drop and the molecules return to the floor.

Learn more at: sci-news

Ice Samples Reveal a Large Sun Storm Hit Earth in Historic Occasions…And It Might Happen Once more

A big solar storm hit Earth about 2,600 years in the past, one about 10 occasions stronger than any solar storm recorded within the modern-day, a new research finds.

These findings recommend that such explosions recur recurrently in Earth’s historical past, and will wreak havoc in the event that they have been to hit now, given how dependent the world has turn out to be on electrical energy.

The sun can bombard Earth with explosions of highly energetic particles generally known as solar proton occasions. These “proton storms” can endanger individuals and electronics each in area and within the air.

Read extra at:

Testing Area Batteries to Destruction for Cleaner Skies

Engineers descended into bunkers to test area batteries to destruction – by way of overheating, overcharging, brief circuits and even by capturing them with bullets. The three-year check marketing campaign is helping assess the danger of deserted satellites exploding in orbit resulting from catastrophic battery reactions.

Extreme ‘abuse’ testing of the present era of lithium-ion batteries for area happened within the check bunkers of France’s Various Energies and Atomic Power Commission.

The purpose was to develop tips to make sure batteries aboard satellites stay safely inactive after the top of a space mission, serving to to avoid satellite tv for pc breakups, a serious source of area particles. “Of more than 250 known satellite explosions that have taken place in orbit, about 10 have been due to batteries,” explains ESA energy techniques engineer François Bausier, overseeing the challenge.

Read more at: ESA

Area Tourism Prepared For Carry Off In Al Ain, Says UAE Area Company Director

The UAE might provide the launch pad to finally get formidable area tourism plans off the bottom, the country’s area company director stated.

Mohammad Al Ahbabi, director of the UAE Area Agency, stated the organisation is working with Virgin Galactic on a bid to operate tourist area flights from Al Ain International Airport in the coming years.

The announcement comes three months after a Virgin Galactic rocket blasted off into area, shifting forward efforts to launch an eventual service for paying passengers.

Pilots Mark Stucky and C J Sturckow fired the rocket engine of their Unity spacecraft for 60 seconds, taking them to an altitude of more than 50 miles (80.5 kilometres). It marked the primary manned flight into area from US soil because the end of Nasa’s shuttle missions.

Learn extra at: National

World View’s Return To Earth Exhibits The Dangers & Prices Of A Sucker’s Recreation

Keep in mind these previous videos of the early NASA check launches?

A Redstone rocket would shoot to the celebs as a proud nation would watch the flames gush out the nozzles towards a grand national future. For a number of majestic moments, we might show to every one that we finally had those no-good Commies a thing or two within the area race.

Then got here a wobble …

Then a fireplace would flash the place it shouldn’t …

Then the collective groan from government engineers because the rocket broke up tumbling skyward as hellish flames wolfed it entire.

Read extra at: Tucson sentinel

The Flight Of Spacex’s Dragon And The Coming Age Of Business Spaceflight

When the SpaceX crewed Dragon — sans crew apart from a check dummy named Ripley — lifted off from the Kennedy Area Middle and then docked with the Worldwide Area Station, many hailed the mission as the start of a brand new age of economic spaceflight. The pronouncements have been somewhat untimely. As of this writing, the Dragon still should undock from the ISS after which splashdown efficiently, having returned to Earth. Then the SpaceX spacecraft must bear a launch abort check. No earlier than July, the Dragon will fly again, this time with a crew of astronauts. Only after the profitable completion of those exams will individuals journey to and from the ISS onboard Elon Musk’s trendy, high-tech area capsule.

The Boeing Starliner should bear the same check flights before it is qualified for often scheduled jaunts to and from low Earth orbit.

Learn more at: Hill

What Lies Forward for NASA’s Business Crew Program

The splashdown of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft this morning after a profitable automated flight to the Worldwide Area Station (ISS) kicks off a busy period for NASA’s Business Crew program.

The primary duties for SpaceX and NASA shall be to examine spacecraft and analyze knowledge collected in the course of the Demo 1 flight to see how properly the car carried out and to deal with any problems that got here up.

Earlier at the moment, an agency officers stated they noticed nothing to date to preclude flying astronauts aboard a Crew Dragon later this yr. Before that may occur, Elon Musk’s company must full three different milestones.

Read extra at: Parabolic arc

Nuclear Rockets Might Open Up Photo voltaic System And Assist Settle Area. And NASA Is .

It’s the 21st century. Shouldn’t we have now nuclear rockets by now?

Truly, we had them a very long time ago. Within the 1960s, the USA experimented with two forms of nuclear rockets. One is now within the finances again, and I feel the other ought to be.

The first sort of nuclear rocket makes use of a nuclear reactor to warmth a response mass — hydrogen, or even water — and expels it from a thrust chamber as fast-moving fuel. (Chemical rockets, like we use in the present day, depend upon a chemical reaction — principally, a managed chemical explosion — to supply the recent fuel.) Again through the 1960s, we experimented with nuclear rockets of this sort, often known as “nuclear thermal rockets,” beneath tasks  Rover and NERVA.

Learn more at: USA As we speak

Moon Mining Might Truly Work, with the Proper Strategy

Earth’s moon taunts. A growing refrain of specialists views this “eighth continent” as a close-by world of pure assets sitting there on the edge of Earth’s gravity nicely, prepared for the choosing.

Visionary zeal apart, clarity is the first step. Needed is the appropriate combination of imaginative and prescient, gobs of moon moolah, make-it-happen applied sciences and the political willpower to unlock the moon’s wealth.

A current report — “Commercial Lunar Propellant Architecture: A Collaborative Study of Lunar Propellant Production” — has reduce to the chase, detailing what’s needed and what occurs subsequent. This appraisal by business writers, NASA, lunar scientists and area legal professionals targeted on extracting water from the moon’s permanently shadowed areas to be used as rocket gasoline.

Read more at:

UK’s Air-Respiration Rocket Engine Set For Key Checks

The UK venture to develop a hypersonic engine that would take a aircraft from London to Sydney in about four hours is about for a key demonstration.

The Sabre engine is a component jet, part rocket, and relies on a novel pre-cooler heat-exchanger know-how. This pre-cooler system will start a new part of testing within the next month or so in Colorado, US.

Meanwhile, the core part of the engine has just gone by means of its preliminary design assessment. Signed off by specialists on the European Area Company, the assessment units the stage for this central section of Sabre to start its personal demonstration campaign at Westcott Area Cluster in Buckinghamshire subsequent yr.

Read more at: BBC

Area Tech Poised to Make Air Journey Greener and Extra Efficient

Passengers travelling via busy airports should soon face fewer delays and have a decrease environmental influence, because of efforts to use airspace extra effectively.

The Iris programme seeks to equip plane with satellite-based knowledge communication hyperlinks to assist pilots and air visitors controllers to make use of the shortest and fastest routes, boosting productivity, saving gasoline and decreasing environmental air pollution.

Funded by the European Area Agency in collaboration with Inmarsat, a worldwide satellite communications company based mostly in London, the system shall be piloted on chosen flights over the coming months and is scheduled to begin business service in 2021.

Learn more at: ESA

Arianegroup, CNES Search To Develop A Reusable 1st Stage Demonstrator

Increasingly fierce competition within the business area launch market has pushed established launch suppliers to hunt ways to develop into extra flexible and revolutionary.

French aerospace company ArianeGroup and the French area company CNES (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales) signed a memorandum of understanding on Feb. 21, 2019, to create an acceleration platform devoted to the event of future launch automobiles. The brand new platform is known as ArianeWorks and is meant to spur innovation by bringing teams collectively underneath one roof and connecting them to Europe’s area ecosystem.

“ArianeWorks aims to accelerate the innovation process, in order to prepare for future developments of Ariane by involving new players and attracting new types of funding,” stated ArianeGroup CEO Andre-Hubert Roussel. “It also gives us an opportunity to support the emergence of deep tech through access to dedicated funding, while accepting the risks involved in terms of investment and technological development.”

Read extra at: Spaceflight Insider

Photo voltaic Energy Stations In Area Might Supply The World With Limitless Power

While on the floor of the Earth, society nonetheless struggles to adopt solar power options, many scientists keep that big, space-based photo voltaic farms might provide an environmentally-friendly reply to the world’s power crisis.

Only final week, we reported that China was planning to construct the world’s first solar energy station to be positioned in Earth’s orbit. As a result of the solar all the time shines in area, an orbital solar energy station is seen as an inexhaustible supply of unpolluted power.

“Above the Earth, there’s no day and night cycle and no clouds or weather or anything else that might obstruct the sun’s ray, so a constant power source is available,” stated Ali Hajimiri, professor of electrical engineering at the California Institute of Know-how and co-director of the college’s Area Photo voltaic Energy Venture.

Learn more at: Forbes

This yr, 2019, marks 50 years since Captain Armstrong of the Apollo 11 mission took mankind’s first steps on the surface of the moon. Now once once more, an area exploration program with a world framework aiming for the moon and Mars is being actively discussed all over the world. Japan is not any exception. At a world area symposium in Tokyo this past week on March 12th, numerous professionals from quite a lot of associated industries and analysis establishments have been in attendance to hear about and talk about the newest developments, movements, and approaches to the challenges that must be overcome in area exploration.

Among the periods, in the evening session entitled “Lunar surface activities by collective efforts across the nation”, an summary of a manned, pressurized rover that has been beneath discussion behind the scenes between the Japan Aerospace Exploration Company (JAXA) and Toyota was introduced.

Read more at: Know-how

Op-Ed | Defending Low Earth Orbit From Turning into The New Wild West

Assuring national and economic safety is an pressing duty, especially as low Earth orbit (LEO) is opening to many new gamers.

Personal corporations of all types are sending up payloads for research, technological, business and educational good points. Area vacationers are lining as much as purchase tickets, entrepreneurs and highschool college students are placing up cubesats, and business satellites are offering the whole lot from worldwide web entry to monitoring a retailer’s fleet of vans, or monitoring fishing and land improvement.

It’s the stuff of sci-fi—and economic — goals. And it’s principally a very good factor. America government actively supports area commercialization. At a U.S. Chamber of Commerce-sponsored Area Summit in December, Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross instructed that with enough help it might develop into a $1 trillion-plus business worldwide within 10 to 15 years.

Learn more at: Spacenews

NASA scientists, engineers, and technologists are getting ready for a brand new period of human exploration on the Moon, which features a new launch system, capsule, and lunar-orbiting outpost that may function the jumping-off point for human spaceflight deeper into the Solar System.

NASA’s Goddard Area Flight Middle in Greenbelt, Maryland, is enjoying an important position in these initiatives, notably in the areas of communications and instrument improvement as evidenced by the current award of five proposals beneath NASA’s Improvement and Development of Lunar Instrumentation (DALI) to advance spacecraft-based instrument for use in lunar-landing missions.

Learn extra at: Know-how

Gateway to the Moon

The International Area Station partners have endorsed plans to proceed the development of the Gateway, an outpost around the Moon that may act as a base to help both robots and astronauts exploring the lunar surface.

The Multilateral Coordination Board, which oversees the administration of the Area Station, confused its widespread hope for the Gateway to open up an economical and sustainable path to the Moon and beyond.

The announcement comes after several years of in depth research among area businesses who’ve developed a technically achievable design. The partnership consists of European nations (represented by ESA), america (NASA), Russia (Roscosmos), Canada (CSA) and Japan (JAXA).

Read more at: ESA

Iran Is Mastering the Remaining Frontier

In mid-January and early February, Iran tried two satellite tv for pc launches meant for environmental monitoring purposes. The Payam (Message) and Doosti (Friendship) ascended aboard Iranian-made satellite tv for pc launch automobiles (SLVs). Each launches failed to put the satellites into orbit. The USA however protested the area launches—principally as a result of the SLVs used the identical base know-how as multistage intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

In an anticipatory tweet on Jan. 3, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had warned that “The launch will advance [Iran’s] missile program. US, France, UK & Germany have already stated this is in defiance of [United Nations Security Council Resolution] 2231. We won’t stand by while the regime threatens international security.”

Learn more at: Overseas coverage

Russia’s New Hypersonic Nuclear Weapon

In December 2018, Russia tested a new hypersonic weapon designed to sneak underneath present U.S. ballistic missile defenses. The Avangard, a winged glider weapon boosted high into the environment by a ballistic missile, descends on its target at speeds in extra of 6.7 km/sec.

That is 15,000 MPH, virtually the velocity of an orbiting satellite. In response to Russian news sources, Avangard will enter Russian service this yr. Verify YouTube for footage of the check launch.

Russian President Putin introduced this and different new nuclear weapons packages final yr. This weapon included the “Poseidon” Nuclear Apocalypse Torpedo and the Burevestnik Nuclear-Powered Cruise Missile.

Read extra at: Area day by day

Radiation Detector Used on Area Station Can Help Sniff Out Cast Work

Know-how developed at CERN and flown on the International Area Station is now at work helping artwork specialists analyze paintings.

That know-how is small, supersensitive radiation detectors that may rely and research particles, which CERN developed to track particles on the Giant Hadron Collider. On the area station, it manifested as Timepix detectors, used to collect knowledge about how much radiation astronauts are exposed to during spaceflight.

However on Earth, it can be used to create specialized X-ray pictures of paintings that may help specialists determine the authenticity of the picture by exactly analyzing the place sure pigments have been applied.

Learn more at:

Starstruck—60 Years of NASA’s Dazzling Archives

The very first thing you may notice concerning the breathtaking new quantity from German writer TASCHEN, The NASA Archives, is the load of the guide itself. The care required to extract the 12-pound tome from its glossy case hints you could be in for a frightening experience. The subject material is simply as heavy: the triumphs, tragedies and as-yet-unrealized goals sure up within the 60-year historical past of America’s voyages into area, all informed by way of beautiful photographs, illustrations and firsthand accounts.

Included are the long-lasting, beloved snapshots from the Apollo missions, and the spectacularly detailed cosmic vistas from the Hubble Area Telescope—but it’s the more not often seen pictures, idea renderings, illustrations and stories of the women and men who made these missions attainable which might be really fascinating. The NASA Archives brings you behind the scenes with the engineers and crew on the bottom as well as into the cockpit with the astronauts who braved the unknown.

Learn extra at: Scientific American

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